History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Kazakh screenwriter contributes to China-Kazakhstan friendship through artworks

Antara News 11 Jul 2024
"The Composer" is the first movie jointly produced by China and Kazakhstan ... The movie was an outcome of the inter-government co-production shooting agreement signed by China and Kazakhstan in 2016 ... He said Kazakhstan and China enjoy a long history of friendship, with a shared goal of promoting peace and friendship worldwide in the 21st century....

Tuyền is world class after her outstanding performance at the Challenger Cup

Vietnam News 10 Jul 2024
In the team's second game, Việt Nam, with Tuyền a key spiker, made a big jump from number eight last year to the third finish, the highest ever result in history ... Prior to the FIVB event, she helped Việt Nam defend their championship at the Asian Volleyball Confederation (AVC) Challenge Cup after defeating Kazakhstan in the final match on May 29....

China and Central Asia: Strengthening bonds for a prosperous future

Blitz 07 Jul 2024
The history of China’s interaction with Central Asian countries like Kazakhstan and Tajikistan spans thousands of years ... In Kazakhstan, projects like the Kapshagay photovoltaic power station in Almaty and the modernization of the Shymkent Oil Refinery exemplify the fruitful cooperation under the BRI....

Putin meets Xi for second time since May as leaders hail ties

The Ponca City News 05 Jul 2024
Russo-Chinese ties “are at their best in history,” Putin said at a meeting on ......

China, Kazakhstan to build on lasting friendship, unique partnership

People Daily 04 Jul 2024
"The history of China-Kazakhstan friendly exchanges is a strong testament to the fact that the development of our bilateral relationship conforms to the trend of history and that of our times," Xi said in his signed article under the title "Staying True to Our Shared Commitment and Opening a New Chapter in China-Kazakhstan Relations."....

China, Kazakhstan upgrade tourism cooperation

Antara News 04 Jul 2024
The opening ceremony of the Kazakhstan Year of Tourism in China in 2024 was recently held in Beijing ... Kazakhstan plans to attract more Chinese tourists by leveraging its rich nomadic culture, centuries-old history, and unique natural landscapes, the minister added ... Xinjiang is adjacent to Kazakhstan....

Patients praise TCM clinic in Kazakhstan

China Daily 04 Jul 2024
"Kazakhstan also has a history of using herbs to treat illnesses, so local people more or less understand the effects of traditional medicine, and the increasing communication between China and Kazakhstan in recent years has further spread awareness about TCM," he said....

SCO summit kicks off in Astana; Belarus joins association [key discussions]

International Business Times 04 Jul 2024
The 24th Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) marked a significant milestone in the history of the association, as it welcomed Belarus as its newest member. The summit, held in Astana, Kazakhstan, was attended by representatives ......

Russian missiles and drones strike eastern Ukraine's Dnipro in a daylight attack that kills 5

Telegraph Herald 04 Jul 2024
KYIV, Ukraine — A Russian missile and drone attack on the eastern Ukrainian city of Dnipro on Wednesday killed five civilians and injured 47 others, including a 14-year-old girl, authorities said ... Russo-Chinese ties “are at their best in history,” Putin said at a meeting on the sidelines of a security summit on Wednesday in Astana, Kazakhstan ... ....

Putin meets Xi second time since May as leaders hail ties

The Lewiston Tribune 04 Jul 2024
Russo-Chinese ties “are at their best in history,” Putin said at a meeting on the sidelines of a security summit Wednesday in Astana, Kazakhstan ... On Ukraine, Xi reiterated China is “always on the right side of history” and is willing to make positive efforts to promote peace talks and political resolution ... Iran joined last year ... ©2024 Bloomberg L.P ... ....

Putin touts ‘stabilizing’ force of China-Russia ties as Xi hails ‘lasting friendship’ at security summit

CNN 04 Jul 2024
In opening remarks ahead of a bilateral meeting with Xi on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)’s annual leaders’ summit in Kazakhstan, Putin said Russia-China relations are going through “the best period in their history” and should be considered a “stabilizing” force for the world ... ....

Modi to visit Moscow next week as Kremlin says ‘all issues on the agenda’

CNN 04 Jul 2024
On Wednesday, Chinese leader Xi Jinping and Putin hailed their two countries’ deepening alignment at a regional security summit in Kazakhstan, with the Russian leader claiming relations between the two were going through “the best period in their history” and should be considered a “stabilizing” force for the world ... ....

Kazakhstan to host key summits, forums in 2024

Beijing News 03 Jul 2024
Astana [Kazakhstan], July 3 (ANI). Kazakhstan is set to play a significant role on the global stage in 2024, hosting key summits and forums and chairing authoritative international organizations at once including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit and World Nomadic Games....