History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history

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China ramps up criticism of Taiwan's Lai over inaugural speech

Kyodo 22 May 2024
(Kyodo) ... China's top diplomat Wang Yi on Tuesday criticized Lai at a meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, saying, "All 'Taiwan independence' separatists are set to be nailed to the pillar of shame in history," according to the official Xinhua News Agency ... Related coverage.. China rebukes Japan, U.S....
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Kazakh court jails former minister for 24 years for brutal murder of wife

The Guardian 14 May 2024
... for the torture and murder of his wife in one of the most high-profile cases of domestic violence in Kazakhstan’s history....
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Hertz Energy Submits Applications to Acquire Uranium Focused Claims in Namibia

Resource World 03 May 2024
In 2023, Namibia produced the 3rd largest quantity of uranium worldwide at 6,382 tonnes, ranked only behind Kazakhstan and Australia2. Namibia is a premier operational uranium jurisdiction with a 45-year history of safe uranium production and exportation3....
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