History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Kazakh President Tokayev begins second term, pledges deep changes

La Prensa Latina 26 Nov 2022
Thanks to these changes, the faith of the people in a bright future is strengthened,” he added, some eleven months after Kazakhstan was hit by the largest protests in its history and which forced the government to request help from the Collective Security Treaty ......

Uzbekistan issues licenses to 2 crypto exchange service providers

Cryptopolitan 25 Nov 2022
Uzbekistan is the most populated nation in Central Asia, and its history, culture, and diversity are rich. It has been a part of multiple empires and was formerly the Silk Road’s primary hub, making it an ideal site for history buffs....
photo: AP / Pool Photo via AP
Xi Jinping and Kassym Jomart Tokayev sign documents during the signing ceremony

Multipolarity on the rise in the Kazakh steppes

Asiatimes 24 Nov 2022
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, who has been re-elected president of Kazakhstan, made a tantalizing remark to reporters on Sunday (November 20) that his country will pursue a multi-vector policy ... But Tokayev meant diversified relationships optimal for Kazakhstan’s development ... Besides, Kazakhstan has to contend with the Big Brothers, Russia and China....

Sotheby's International Realty Opens First Office in Kazakhstan

Victoria Advocate 22 Nov 2022
22, 2022 /PRNewswire/ --�Sotheby's International Realty today announced the opening of Kazakhstan Sotheby's International Realty, signifying the brand's continued expansion to nearly 220 offices in the EMEIA region ... I look forward to working with Diana and the entire Kazakhstan Sotheby's International Realty team."....

Exclusive: Ex-Russian spy flees to the NATO country that captured him, delivering another embarrassing blow ...

Yahoo Daily News 18 Nov 2022
The history of the Cold ... So began the long journey back to Moscow, an eight-year internment in a host of Soviet labor camps and internal exile in Kazakhstan, all furnishing the sufficient and necessary conditions for the great writer’s landmark history, “The Gulag Archipelago.”....

Kazakhstan presidential election: Five things to know about the country

The Times of India 17 Nov 2022
Kazakhstan is proud of its nomadic history and marked 550 years since the birth of the first Kazakh state in 2015 ... While Kazakhstan and Russia traditionally enjoy strong relations, their shared history sometimes gets in the way ... Kazakhstan is Central Asia's biggest economy, and has in the past seen double-digit growth....
photo: Creative Commons / ITU Pictures
Mr Kassym-Jomart Tokayev speaking at the FerMUN: Model UN conference, being held at ITU, Geneva

Will Kazakhstan's Presidential Election Be A Turning Point?

Radio Free Europe 13 Nov 2022
... violence in its brief history and an array of problems linked to Kazakhstan’s ties with giant neighbor Russia amid the latter’s war on Ukraine....

Experts support political reforms and elections in Kazakhstan

Beijing News 12 Nov 2022
Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong", - said that the decision by the President of Kazakhstan to grant amnesty to the first-time offenders in the January 2022 riots is a noble gesture and landmark decision not only in the history of Kazakhstan but in the history in the world politics, according to the statement....

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