History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Life of early 'Koryoin' featured in exhibition

Korea Times 15 Aug 2022
Visitors take a look at photos showing portraits of early 'Koryoin,' or ethnic Koreans deported from the Russian Far East to Kazakhstan in the 1930s, at the "Land of Hope" exhibition at KF Gallery in Seoul ... Dyussenbayev said the exhibit is dedicated to the history of the deportation of Koreans from the Far East of the Soviet Union to Kazakhstan....

Sound Off

Eagle-Tribune 12 Aug 2022
Challenging elections requires proof ... Leave Tom Cruise alone ... Thanks Methuen for Purple Heart ceremony ... It was a small but lovely ceremony ... Which means many horrors from history are on the table in a second term. The corruption of places like Iraq, Kazakhstan, Russia, etc., will be nothing compared to what would happen here if Trump were elected again ... ....

Samarkand at the Crossroads: from Timur to the BRI and SCO, by Pepe Escobar

The Unz Review 11 Aug 2022
This is a nomad always on the move who supervised the creation of some of the most dazzling urban architecture in the history of the world ... Timur died in 1405 in Otrar – today in southern Kazakhstan – when he was planning the Mother of All Campaigns ... This is one of the greatest “what ifs” in history....

Khayyam: The sky is the limit

Tehran Times 09 Aug 2022
TEHRAN — According to Russia's State Space Corporation Roscosmos, a Fregat booster delivered the Iranian Khayyam satellite launched from the Baikonur spaceport in Kazakhstan into orbit on Tuesday, marking a landmark moment in Iranian history ... ....

Iran rugby team finishes fourth in Asia championship

Irna 08 Aug 2022
The Iranian team won two games and lost two others to stand fourth for the first time in its history....

Pallikaranai: Early arrival of waders surprises birdwatchers

The Times of India 26 Jul 2022
Chennai ... “These species come here from the Central Asian region mostly the and from Siberia in August ... Black-tailed godwit, too, comes here to escape the bitter winters of Kazakhstan and Russia. Some of these birds have been ringed by a team of ornithologists from the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) ... Start a Conversation. ....

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