History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Successor to longtime Kazakh ruler is sworn in as president

RTE 12 Jun 2019
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has been inaugurated as only the second elected president in Kazakhstan's history, after winning polls marred by a police crackdown and slammed by foreign monitors for "widespread voting irregularities." ... Our man in Kazakhstan....

With Kazakhstan’s presidential election over, the real work begins

EurasiaNet 10 Jun 2019
The results of Kazakhstan’s presidential election pose a puzzle ... Kosanov’s unexpectedly solid electoral performance – he did the best any opposition candidate has ever done in Kazakhstan’s history – presents the possibility that the regime in Nur-Sultan is ready for another party to enter the parliamentary fray....

Central Asia baggage tempers transition bets

Asiatimes 08 Jun 2019
Kazakhstan’s 9% gain through end-April lagged the core emerging-market index, despite president Nursultan Nazarbayev’s decision to turn over power to a successor after decades in office, and the prospect of large-scale state enterprise privatizations through the stock exchange after years of preparation....

An Aging Autocrat's Lesson for His Fellow Dictators

The Atlantic 07 Jun 2019
NUR-SULTAN, KazakhstanLooking around Kazakhstan’s glitzy capital, you’d be forgiven for not realizing that the country is on the verge of one of its most meaningful political moments since the collapse of the Soviet Union ... Nazarbayev’s children play a prominent role in Kazakhstan’s politics and business community....

How previous Scotland managers have fared in their opening matches

FourFourTwo 07 Jun 2019
Steve Clarke takes charge of Scotland for the first time when Cyprus visit Hampden on Saturday. Scotland are in desperate need of victory in the Euro 2020 qualifier after losing their opener in Kazakhstan. Here are five other notable managerial debuts from the history of the Scotland national team. Bobby Brown ... Willie Ormond ... Craig Brown ... Berti Vogts....

Eden Hazard confirms he is set to join Real Madrid from Chelsea for £88.5m

The Observer 07 Jun 2019
Read more ... The forward, who is currently with the Belgium national team as they prepare for their Euro 2020 qualifying match against Kazakhstan in Brussels on Saturday, could also become the second most expensive player in history, after Neymar, who joined Paris Saint-Germain from Barcelona for €222m in August 2017. Real Madrid C.F ... ....

Kazakhstan and the struggle over Central Asia

The Spectator 06 Jun 2019
Once host to the ancient Silk Road, the overland caravan highway that brought Chinese goods westward and siphoned Western currency reserves off to the Far Easthistory rhymes even if it doesn’t repeat itself — Kazakhstan is reestablishing itself as a vital link in global commerce ... Ultimately, Kazakhstan is an enigma....

Presidents may come and go. In Kazakhstan, there’s only one Father of the Nation

The Los Angeles Times 05 Jun 2019
In Kazakhstan, there’s only one Father of the Nation ... Few leaders have put their stamp on a country quite like Nursultan Nazarbayev, who ruled Kazakhstan with an authoritative grip for 30 years after the fall of the Soviet Union ... In addition, Kazakhstan looked to its own pre-Soviet history, where it found an unlikely inheritance....

Kazakhstan: When political dissent is a family affair

EurasiaNet 31 May 2019
One day in March, a 17-year-old called Medina Bazarbayeva marched the streets of Kazakhstan’s capital, filming herself with a phone and reciting a simple refrain ... For the past two years Suleimenova has been working on a series called “Residual Memory” that explores Kazakhstan’s traumatic history....

Australia enjoy double victory at FIBA 3x3 Asia Cup 2019

China.dot.org 26 May 2019
Ranked third in Asia Cup 2018, ladies from Australia met Kazakhstan in the final, outscoring their ... China's men's team staged its best performance at Asia Cup in team history, winning the bronze medal after defeating Kazakhstan 14-11 in the third-place playoff....

Review: Patriotic Kazakh drama ‘Road to Mother’ strong on earnestness and landscapes

Daily Press 23 May 2019
Commissioned by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, “Road to Mother” begins with several minutes of titles giving an overview of the nation’s history over the centuries, going on for far longer than is typical — or necessary — but that comes to be the calling card of this earnest ... ....

Chinese vice premier attends forums in Kazakhstan

Sina 17 May 2019
He said that under the guidance of the two heads of state, the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Kazakhstan has been developing rapidly, their political mutual trust has been deepening and bilateral cooperation has reached the highest level in history....

Feature: "The Composer" -- a legend of exiled war-time Chinese musician pulling at heartstrings of numerous viewers

Xinhua 17 May 2019
In China, he is remembered as Xian Xinghai, one of the country's greatest composers; in Kazakhstan, he was known as Huang Xun, a refugee with remarkable talent; in Singapore and France, he was Sinn Sing Hol, a poor student with insatiable passion for music ... The Composer became the first movie jointly produced by China and Kazakhstan....