History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Narxoz University, AIFC Court, International Arbitration Centre Agree on Cooperation

Victoria Advocate 27 Sep 2022
ALMATY, Kazakhstan, Sept ... professionals to support the upwards trajectory of �Kazakhstan's rule of law and investment climate ... Kazakhstan - home to the AIFC Court and IAC - has a 30-year history of close cooperation with the UK, which leads international legal practices....
photo: AP / Alexei Nikolsky, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo
Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev attends a session of the Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Thursday, Nov. 28, 2019.

Kazakhstan risks Putin's wrath: Ex-Soviet ally vows to 'care' for Russians fleeing 'hopeless situation' in ...

The Daily Mail 27 Sep 2022
Kazakhstan has risked the wrath of Putin by offering to 'care ... Kazakhstan's history with Russia dates back to the 1400s when the Grand Duchy of Moscow fought a series of wars with the Kazan Khanate before Ivan the Terrible absorbed the kingdom into the Tsardom of Russia in 1552....

Using religion in Kazakhstan to find common bonds, ground

The Jerusalem Post 24 Sep 2022
The origin of a religious, political dialogue in Kazakhstan ... Who participated this year in Kazakhstan? ... Tokayev emphasized that as a crossroad of cultures with a long history of sacred places for many religions, Kazakhstan sees the spirit of tolerance and openness, and the principle of unity, as its fundamental patrimony to the world....

Leaked Study Shows Exxon, Partners Overspent by $138 Billion

Democratic Underground 24 Sep 2022
The entire energy industry suffered large cost overruns during the 2010s, made worse by the 2014 oil price crash, one of the worst in the history of the crude market. The Kashagan project in Kazakhstan, funded by a group of major oil companies including Exxon, went considerably over budget ... Other examples abound ..........(more) ... ....

Exxon and partners overspent by $138bn in decades-long energy projects, leaked study shows

The National 24 Sep 2022
Exxon made more money than God amid record inflation, Biden says ... The entire energy industry suffered large cost overruns during the 2010s, made worse by the 2014 oil price crash, one of the worst in the history of the crude market. The Kashagan project in Kazakhstan, funded by a group of major oil companies including Exxon, went well over budget....

GLOBALink | Kazakh student in China devoted to studying Silk Road, deepening bilateral ties

Xinhua 18 Sep 2022
XI'AN, Sept. 18 (Xinhua) -- Zangadiluly Nosserbek from Kazakhstan is pursuing his doctoral degree in history in China. He says he will continue to help deepen the two countries' ties through studying the ancient Silk Road ... Comments. Comments (0). Send ... ....

CGTN: China offers solutions to fix deficit in global security, development

The Eastern Herald 16 Sep 2022
This year marks the 30th anniversary of diplomatic ties between China and Kazakhstan as well as between China and Uzbekistan ... Tokayev hailed Xi’s visit as a new milestone in the history of Kazakhstan–China relations, adding the BRI has become an important engine driving the building of a community with a shared future for mankind....

Xi hails strong ties with Kazakhstan

China Daily 15 Sep 2022
Tokayev said that Xi's visit, the Chinese president's first foreign trip since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, fully demonstrated the two countries' high-level mutual trust and will surely become a new milestone in the history of Kazakhstan-China relations.  ... A brief history....

Xi receives Order of the Golden Eagle awarded by Kazakh President Tokayev

ECNS 15 Sep 2022
Tokayev highly commended the historic role and extraordinary contribution of Xi in consolidating friendship between the two peoples and in promoting Kazakhstan-China relations, and noted that Xi's visit today will go down in the history of Kazakhstan-China relations....

China’s Xi Kicks Off Central Asia Trip With Visits to Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan

The Wire Network 15 Sep 2022
Chinese President Xi Jinping is visiting Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, two of the most populous countries in Central Asia, on a trip that some experts say is aimed at highlighting the success of China’s Belt and Road Initiative ... Kazakhstan has not yet fully resolved the borders with its northern neighbor, Russia....

Xi pays state visit to Kazakhstan

ECNS 15 Sep 2022
... environment, Tokayev noted, adding that it is believed that Xi's visit will mark a new milestone in the history of Kazakhstan-China relations and bring new substance and impetus to the growth of the permanent comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries....

Gordon: Don’t count out GGG, even if he’s past his prime

Las Vegas Review-Journal 15 Sep 2022
The tender, youthful smile that GennadyGGG” Golovkin sports can belie that fact that he’s 40 — and one of the most vicious punchers in middleweight history ... They’ll go into history,” said Golovkin, the unified middleweight champion and a native of Kazakhstan....

Pope urges world leaders to ‘work for peace, not weapons’

Catholic Standard 15 Sep 2022
“We plead with you, in the name of God and for the good of humanity ... 15, the final day of the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in Nur-Sultan and the final day of his three-day visit to Kazakhstan. “Only by serving the cause of peace, will you make a name for yourselves in the annals of history,” he said ... .......

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