History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Kazakh Ambassador for improving trade ties between both countries

Urdu Point 31 May 2023
He attended a meeting at Al-Zamir on Wednesday where he was briefed about the history of the region and its role in possible opportunities for mutual corporation between Pakistan and Kazakhstan ... He also met Director Cholistan Development Authority Liaqat Gilani who told him about the rich history of Cholistan and the indigenous products of the area....

Novak Djokovic Isn’t a Shoo-In to Win It All at the French Open. Here’s Why.

Longview News-Journal 26 May 2023
At least with the oddsmakers, Alcaraz has leapfrogged Djokovic, a two-time French Open champ (2016 and ’21), and, perhaps, the best clay-court player in men’s history not named Rafael Nadal ... 1 player in the world for more than a year now, and already among the most versatile performers in the sport’s history....

Xi'an summit a new milestone in China-Central Asia relations

People Daily 23 May 2023
The summit was also attended by heads of state of the five Central Asian countries, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan ... The China-Central Asia relationship is steeped in history, driven by broad actual needs, and built on solid popular support....

Pashinyan authorized concessions to Azerbaijan and withdrawal from the CSTO. What does this mean for Russia

The Eastern Herald 23 May 2023
Armenia is ready to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh as part of Azerbaijan, provided that the security of the Armenian population is ensured, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan at a press conference ... Besides Russia and Armenia, the CSTO also includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Belarus. The history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict ... .......

Kazakhstan opens new consulate general in China's Xi'an

People Daily 20 May 2023
XI'AN, May 19 (Xinhua) -- Kazakhstan has opened a new consulate general in Xi'an, capital of northwest China's Shaanxi Province, where the first China-Central Asia ... Qin said that the opening of the consulate general is a new milestone in the history of China-Kazakhstan relations....

Excerpts of reports from media in Central Asia

China Daily 19 May 2023
The Astana Times (Kazakhstan) ... "We have a long history of cooperation with China. In the current times, when the geopolitical situation in Eurasia and in the world is changing, Kazakhstan will be upgrading its national strategy toward China." ... Jibek Joly TV (Kazakhstan)....

Kazakstan Tennis Federation: Kazakhstan Junior Boys and Girls Teams Reach Under 16 World Championship Finals

Longview News-Journal 15 May 2023
�ASTANA, Kazakhstan, May 15, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- For the first time in the country's history, the Kazakhstan Junior Boys and Girls Tennis Teams made it to the 16 and under World Championship Finals ... The Asia Oceania Qualifying events were held in Kazakhstan for the first time in the Beeline Tennis Center in Shymkent....

Xi'an in eyes of Central Asian students

Xinhua 15 May 2023
What attracts people from around the world to Xi'an?. It's the history, the culture, the architecture, the food ... Students from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan share their feelings living in this ancient city. Produced by Xinhua Global Service■. Comments. Comments (0) ... ....

Pakistan linchpin of regional connectivity: Senator Mushahid

Urdu Point 13 May 2023
The conference was organised by the Department of History & Pakistan Studies, Punjab University, in collaboration with Konrad Adenauer Stiftung ... Dr Zeino thanked national and international delegates from Turkiye, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, England, Germany and Pakistan....

Most Viewed

Cambodian dancers perform to mark the 71st founding anniversary of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) at its headquarters in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Tuesday, June 28, 2022
AP / Heng Sinith

Cambodia navigates nexus of crises

Asiatimes | 02 Jun 2023
School kid of Nara, Japan; May 2012
Creative Commons / John Gillespie from N

Japan demographic woes deepen as birth rate hits record low

Reuters | 02 Jun 2023