History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Kazakh flagbearer costumes for Beijing 2022 to go on display at Olympic Museum

Inside The Games 18 May 2022
The costume worn by Kazakhstan’s flagbearers at the Opening Ceremony of this year’s Winter Olympics in Beijing has become part of the Olympic Museum’s heritage collection here ... "This is all about Kazakh history which is really important as we want to show that Kazakhstan is a country that has many cultures....

Putin's Stalinist deportation plan for 2MILLION Ukrainians: Mail uncovers chilling official blueprint for mass expulsion ...

The Daily Mail 13 May 2022
Safety ... Forced deportation was practised by both Tsarist and Communist rulers, who transported vast numbers of people from the Baltic States, Caucasus and Crimea to underpopulated areas such as Siberia and the steppes of Kazakhstan. ‘This is routine for Russian history,’ said Mikhail Matveev, a human rights activist who helps Ukrainians to escape ... ....

Mariya Shank: I am glad I chose SMBU

Shenzhen Daily 28 Apr 2022
MY name is Mariya Shank. I’m from Kazakhstan ... I think the most interesting courses include ancient Greek and Roman literature, natural science, Russian history (I studied the concise version of Russian history in Kazakhstan), lexicology, linguistics and phonetics ... My favorite course is the history of Russian literature in the 20th century ... ....

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