History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history

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Toqaev's Kazakhstan Still Fighting Fires 5 Years After Replacing Nazarbaev

Radio Free Europe 10 Jun 2024
ALMATY -- A change in order to keep things the same ... The protests that accompanied acting incumbent Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev's victory on June 9 of that year were the biggest in Kazakhstan's history at the time, triggering thousands of detentions in the capital, Astana, and the largest city, Almaty ... 'An Advocate Of Manual Control' ... .......
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Toqaev's Kazakhstan Still Fighting Fires Five Years After Replacing Nazarbaev

Radio Free Europe 10 Jun 2024
ALMATY -- A change in order to keep things the same ... The protests that accompanied acting incumbent Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev's victory on June 9 of that year were the biggest in Kazakhstan's history at the time, triggering thousands of detentions in the capital, Astana, and the largest city, Almaty ... 'An Advocate Of Manual Control' ... .......
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Last-minute Eid Al Adha flight deals to escape Dubai

Time Out Dubai 10 Jun 2024
Fly into Yerevan and see some of the incredible history in the Armenian capital ... Kazakhstan ... You might not have heard of Turkestan before, but you might want to consider it if you have a love of history. The region of Kazakhstan has some incredible ancient settlements and artefacts for you to visit, as well as the huge nearby Karatau nature reserve....
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Hidden gems of Central Asia captivate Chinese tourists

ECNS 08 Jun 2024
This new interest in the region was helped 11 years ago when President Xi Jinping unveiled in Astana, Kazakhstan, a proposal that would eventually be known as the Belt and Road Initiative ... Last year, about 217,000 Chinese tourists visited Kazakhstan, a twelvefold increase from 2022, according to official figures....
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Opec+ pushes for new capacity figures

Business Day 28 May 2024
  ... Opec+ has been curbing output to support prices ... Opec+ members previously reported their own capacity figures ... Among other countries pushing for higher production capacity are Iraq and Kazakhstan. Opec has a long history of distrust when it comes to members submitting their own data, whether production or capacity ... Reuters ....
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Bit of luck and play the tennis of his life: Devvarman on Sumit Nagal's improving ...

Hindustan Times 25 May 2024
Sumit Nagal became a household name in January earlier this year, when he scripted history in the Australian Open. After battling through the qualifiers in Melbourne, Nagal stunned Kazakhstan’s Alexander Bublik to become the first Indian man to win a main draw match at the ......
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