History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Kazakhstan buys ArcelorMittal subsidiary after fatal accident

Urdu Point 08 Dec 2023
Kazakhstan said Friday it had bought the local subsidiary of steel giant ArcelorMittal, six weeks after a mine disaster killed 46 people in the worst accident in the Central Asian country's modern history. Astana, (APP - UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 8th Dec, 2023) Kazakhstan ......

Stunning 3,400-Year-Old Pyramid in Kazakhstan Was a Monument to a Deceased Leader

Ancient Origins 07 Dec 2023
In 2016 the remains of a fascinating pyramid-shaped monument were discovered in the windswept and largely deserted Karaganda region of central Kazakhstan ... Archaeologists Uncover a Prehistoric Step Pyramid in the Steppes of Kazakhstan Exceptionally Preserved “Still ShiningBronze Age Sword Unearthed in Bavaria ... A Brief History....

UAE, Kazakhstan sign MoU to develop low-carbon energy sources

GDN Online 03 Dec 2023
The Ministry of Investment of the UAE and the Ministry of Energy of Kazakhstan, represented by Samruk-Kazyna, a sovereign ... The MoU builds on an existing history of deep bilateral relations between the UAE and Kazakhstan, which span over three decades.--TradeArabia News Service....

Kazakh president calls return of Karabakh to Azerbaijan 'epochal event'

Anadolu Agency 24 Nov 2023
He also highlighted Aliyev's role in reclaiming control over Karabakh ... I think this is a really historic event," Tokayev said. Aliyev, for his part, emphasized that Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan "are reaching the highest level of cooperation in the entire history" of the two countries ... ....

Euro 2024 qualifying playoff draw: Ukraine face Bosnia and Herzegovina, Wales host Finland, Israel vs. Iceland

CBS Sports 23 Nov 2023
Path C had already been established prior to Thursday's draw with Georgia, who will have to do without superstar forward Kvicha Kvarastkhelia due to suspension, and Luxembourg facing off as they both battle to make a major tournament for the first time in their histories ... Kazakhstan ... Greece or Kazakhstan....

Euro 2024 draw: date, pots, qualifiers and more

The Cleveland American 22 Nov 2023
Georgia-Luxembourg; Greece-Kazakhstan ... The Euro 1992 champions qualified ahead of Slovenia and Kazakhstan to top their group ... They battled to a head-to-head victory against Kazakhstan on the last date to qualify and will play at the Euros for the second time in their history ... Georgia, Luxembourg, Greece or Kazakhstan....

Newly Assertive Central Asia Rejects 'Russia's Backyard' Label

Beijing News 22 Nov 2023
WASHINGTON - Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev bewildered Vladimir Putin and his entourage when, during a November 9 briefing in the Kazakh capital, he addressed the visiting Russian president in his native tongue ... Kazakhstan is not Russia. Moscow is a strategic ally and neighbor with a shared past, but Kazakhstan is a sovereign nation....

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