History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


Uzbekistan restores order in prospective gas region

Upstream Online 05 Jul 2022
... autonomy from Tashkent, including a right of succession and recognises the language and history of Karakalpakstan, which has long borders with oil and gas rich neighbours Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan....

Resurgent Bahrain take on Kazakhstan

Gulf Daily News 03 Jul 2022
A resurgent Bahrain take on hosts Kazakhstan today in the last Group D match for both teams in the FIBA Basketball World Cup 2023 Asian Qualifiers’ first round at the 10,000-seater Saryarka Velodrome in the Kazakh capital, Nur-Sultan ... But history and form are firmly in group leaders, Kazakhstan’s favour....

Athlete bags Iran's first medal in Asian Triathle championships

Irna 01 Jul 2022
... first-ever medal of Iran in the sport in history....

How Putin prepared elite troops for Ukraine

New Statesman 28 Jun 2022
The unrest, the most serious in Kazakhstan’s 30-year post-Soviet history, also allowed the Russian president Vladimir Putin to test his elite paratrooper units ahead of their planned mission six weeks later to capture Kyiv ... The strategy for the attempted coup, according to Kazakhstan-based political observers, was two-fold....

Ukraine war: Is Kazakhstan going cool on Russia?

Al Jazeera 24 Jun 2022
There are different opinions about it,” Tokayev, Kazakhstan’s former foreign minister and the United Nations’ former deputy secretary-general, began diplomatically ... Dismembering Kazakhstan ... A year later, Tokayev asked for Moscow’s help during the largest protests in Kazakhstan’s post-Soviet history....

Old connection

The Telegraph India 21 Jun 2022
More easily identifiable amongst the many graves is that of Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat, a contemporary of the Mughal emperor, Humayun, best known for writing a book — the Tarikh-i-Rashidi is a history of Central Asia and of the Mughals ... The Greater India school of history writing itself had a short shelf-life....

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