History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the largest segment of the Eurasian Steppe, was the home and crossroads for numerous groups of people throughout history. Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus 1 million – 800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains, as well as the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present 140,000 – 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and Central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in Southern, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period, 12,500 – 5,000 years ago, human settlement spread across the whole of Kazakhstan, eventually leading to the extinction of large animals (mammoth, woolly rhinoceros). The hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting.

The Neolithic Revolution was marked by the appearance of animal husbandry and agriculture, giving rise to the Atbasar,Kelteminar, Botai, Mokanjar, Ust-Narym, and other cultures. The Botai culture (3600–3100 BCE) is credited with the first domestication of horses. Ceramics and polished stone tools also appeared during this period. The 4th – 3rd millennia witnessed the beginning of metal production, manufacture of copper tools, and use of casting molds. In the 2nd millennium, ore mining developed in Central Kazakhstan.

Latest News for: Kazakhstan history


To Boldly Go: Brain Cells Lost In Space, Says New Study

The Tennessee Tribune 17 Oct 2021
Expedition 63 Roscosmos cosmonaut Ivan Vagner is helped out of the Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft just minutes after he, Roscosmos cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin and NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy landed in a remote area in Kazakhstan on Oct ... of Zhezkazgan, on February 6, 2020, in Kazakhstan....

Cristiano Ronaldo scores a record-breaking 10th international hat-trick for Portugal

Sporting Life 12 Oct 2021
10 (Most in history)Four in a game ... Kazakhstan 0 - 2 FinlandAlbania 0 - 1 PolandBulgaria 2 - 1 Northern IrelandDenmark 1 - 0 AustriaEngland 1 - 1 HungaryFaroe Islands 0 - 1 ScotlandIsrael 2 - 1 MoldovaKosovo 1 - 2 GeorgiaLithuania 0 - 4 SwitzerlandPortugal 5 - 0 LuxembourgSan ......

EDITORIAL: The would-be bank boss who hates banks

Las Vegas Review-Journal 09 Oct 2021
(Getty Images). President Joe Biden’s capitulation to the far left has become clear in recent weeks ... banks ... After all, the United States has the strongest economy in the history of the world and will even survive Mr ... Ms. Omarova, who grew up in what is now Kazakhstan, apparently has a special affection for the Soviet Union ... But there’s more ... ....

At a glance: The death penalty around the world

RTE 08 Oct 2021
While Sierra Leone formally abolished the death penalty today, around 50 countries continue to use capital punishment. Methods vary from beheading, electrocution and hanging to lethal injection and shooting, according to Amnesty International ... Kazakhstan, Malawi and Sierra Leone, where the president signed the law consigning it to history today ... ....

The death penalty around the world

Urdu Point 08 Oct 2021
With Sierra Leone formally abolishing the death penalty Friday, only around 50 countries still continue to use capital punishment ... Here is a global overview ... Nearly half of those are in Europe and Central Asia ... Kazakhstan, Malawi and Sierra Leone, where the president signed the law consigning it to history it Friday ... Three other states ... .......

Shafqat, Kazakh envoy discuss education

The News International 07 Oct 2021
Ambassador of Kazakhstan Yerzhan Kistafin called on federal minister for federal education and culture Shafqat Mahmood on Wednesday here ... The Ambassador Yerzhan Kistafin also presented two books to the minister namely Modern Kazakhstan ' The expo legacy' and selected works of Chokan Valikhanof that sheds light on the history of the region....

Kazakh poet Zhambyl Zhabayuly remembered in Turkey

Anadolu Agency 06 Oct 2021
He is a light that takes our history, culture, and civilization from Altai and spread it to Anatolia, and the whole world,” Altınok said, adding that he advised and encouraged heroism ... Ambassador Saparbekuly said Kazakhstan has completed its state and nation building in the last 30 years since achieving independence....

Russian Soyuz Spacecraft with Actor, Director Arrives at ISS

Voa News 05 Oct 2021
The Soyuz spacecraft was launched Tuesday from the Russian spaceport in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. The ship was carrying a history-making crew, as it included film director Klim Shipenko and actor Yulia Peresild, who will be filming a feature film during their stay at the station ... Those issues resulted in the crew abandoning automated docking procedures ... ....

'Cider is our wine’: Getting to the core of Hudson Valley’s craft cider boom

Times Union 29 Sep 2021
New York is the country’s second-largest apple producer after Washington State, but it ranks first where it, arguably, really counts ... Hard cider, fermented from a fruit that traces its origins to the ancient forests of Kazakhstan, has a centuries-old history that hopped continents as Europeans traveled west and settled here ... Then try their opposites....

Iranian women's first ever trace in history of AFC Cup

Irna 26 Sep 2021
Irandoost’s side defied history and their world ranking of 72 to secure their place for India 2022 in dramatic fashion, ending a heartbroken Jordan outfit’s bid for a third successive appearance at the Finals ... The victory was the first in history achieved by Iran's female Alysh wrestlers, which made Iran proud of its powerful women....

Expedition 65 Space Station Crew to Relocate Soyuz Spacecraft, Will Make Room for New Crewmates

Space Coast Daily 24 Sep 2021
crew will undock from station’s module at 8.21 a.m. EDT on Sept. 28 ... (NASA image) ... EDT ... 5, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. This will be the 20th Soyuz port relocation in station history and the first since March 2021. (NASA image). This will be the 20th Soyuz port relocation in station history and the first since March 2021 ... Related Story. ... ....

Space station crew to relocate Soyuz, make room for new crewmates

Phys Dot Org 23 Sep 2021
Three residents of the International Space Station will take a short ride aboard a Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft Tuesday, Sept ... EDT. They will dock again at the Nauka Multipurpose Laboratory Module at 9 a.m ... 5, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. This will be the 20th Soyuz port relocation in station history and the first since March 2021 ... Citation....

Ancient glass beads dug up in Fukuoka came from Silk Road

Asahi News 21 Sep 2021
... excavated from ruins in Kazakhstan. With help from the Itokoku History Museum in the city of Itoshima, which stores artifacts from the Hirabaru ruins, as well as research institutions in Mongolia and Kazakhstan, the researchers led by Tamura studied and X-rayed the glass beads....

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